Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Pushpagiri - Hampi of Andhra Pradesh

Pushpagiri is a very famous place for both its religious and architectural importance. Pushpagiri is the famous pilgrimage situated on banks of river Penna, Vallur Mandal, Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh. There are various Shrines on the Hill together called as Pushpagiri temples.

2. Pushpagiri is famous because of several Shrines. Among those some temples are very much old which also have some creative sculptures. This hill has very bottomless banks. Pushpagiri is also known as Sumagiri. About 28 shrines are situated in this area.

3. There is a Pushpagiri Matham also called as Pushpagiri Peetam which is said to have been established by Aadhi Sankaracharya to promote his philosophy of Advaita. This Peetam is said to be the richest and only Advaita math in Andhra Pradesh.

4. Chennakesava Temple: Chennakesava Temple is the largest temple among them is located on hill’s lower slopes. This temple’s entrance area has been decorated by 5 tiered Gopuram. The walls of this pilgrimage have sculptures constructed by limestone. These beautiful sculptures contains the images of the Lord Shiva in the dancing pose with 8 & 4 hands, fight of Arjuna & Lord Shiva, Arjuna taking Pasupatastra from Lord Shiva, dancers, Seshasayana, warriors rows and sight from the Mahabharata & Ramayana and also the other images of the carvings accompanying animals, pillars are adorned by the attractive designs.

5. Trikuteswara Temple: There are three shrines; Kamaleshwara Shrine, Hachaleshwara Shrine and Pallaveshwara Shrine which are founded in 1255 AD. Hence they are called as Trikuteswara. This triple shrine has a common Mukha Mandapa with each temple on the south, west and north. A four pillared Nandi Mandapa, houses an image of Nandi in the Sabha Mandapa.

6.Many other famous temples,which are believed to built during Chola period, like
Bhimeshwara Temple, Vaidyanatha Swami Temple, Santana Malleshwara and Uma Maheshwara Temples, Sakshi Malleshwara Temple.

7.There is a wonderful legend associated with this place

When the Mount Garuda was carrying nectar from Indraloka; a drop fell down and turned into a sacred pool. The eminence of the pool came to be known when a distressed farmer jumped into it to commit suicide and found himself turned as a young man. He then made his wife and oxen to dip into the pool and they too regained their youth. When the news of the pool reached Satya Loka, worried Lord Brahma sought the help of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Lord Hanuman was ordered to fill the pool with a mountain. Lord Hanuma dropped a mountain into it. Astonishingly, the mountain started floating instead of sinking. Then Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva clamped their feet at its side and the imprints of their foot can still be seen. The foot print of Siva became famous as ‘Rudrapada’ and that of Vishnu as ‘Vishnupada’.

8.On stylistic grounds this temple belongs to Late Chalukya or early Yadava period  i.e 12 - 13th century A.D.Temple is highly revered by Kakatiyas,Cholas,Vijayanagaras.

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